Reflections off the water

Darling River System

15 Feb 2020 till 10 Jun 2021

Australia's longest continuous river system.


The Darling River is perhaps the outback's most famous waterway. It was once vital for travel and commerce on top of a long Aboriginal history that stretches for tens of thousands of years. This history can still be seen today, from the fish traps on the Barwon River that could be the world's oldest standing man-made structure, to the historic Tilpa Hotel and the heritage paddle-boats that still operate at Wentworth. The waters of the Darling River eventually join up with the Murray River before flowing out into the Southern Ocean near Adelaide.

The Darling is part of the longest continuous river system in Australia. Looking upstream, the Condamine River is the most remote source, near Warwick in Queensland. This flows across the Darling Downs and joins with Dogwood Creek to become the Balonne River. Below St George the river disperses out over the Culgoa floodplains, where the Culgoa River is the major distributary. Eventually most of these branches rejoin up with the Barwon River where the waters form the Darling River.

Key sections of my own trip down the Darling.

Prelude: Mt Superbus

Blog 3 - 4 Jun 2020
Walking from the summit of Mt Superbus down to the first crossing.

First Leg: Upper Condamine

Blog 15 - 19 Feb 2020
Inflatable kayak from the first crossing in Cambanoora Gorge to Warwick.

Second Leg: Lower Condamine & Balonne

Blog 23 March - 25 April 2021
Sea kayak from Warwick past Surat to St George

Third Leg: Balonne & Culgoa Rivers

Blog 11 - 22 March 2020
Sea kayak from Surat past St George to Bourke

Fourth Leg: Darling River
Blog 1 - 22 May 2021
From Walgett to Bourke down to Wentworth
Firth Leg: Murray River
Blog 23 May - 10 June 2021, Wentworth to the ocean
Condamine RiverQLD730 km
Balonne River
To the Culgoa River
QLD365 km
Culgoa RiverQLD, NSW443 km
Darling RiverNSW1,545 km
Murray River
From Wentworth
NSW / VIC border, SA832 km
Total length3,915 km

GeoScience gave a length of 1,195 km for the Condamine/Balonne/Culgoa Rivers and 3,672 km for the complete system using 250K maps, which is significantly shorter than my measurements off the satellite images.

The most common starting point for people paddling just the Darling River is at Brewarrina on the Barwon River. Brewarrina is 121 km upstream from the Culgoa River confluence that marks the official start of the Darling River. It is a 205 km leg between Brewarrina and Bourke.

Guides, Resources and References

This trip is a difficult and potentially dangerous expedition with very remote sections below St George, especially the Culgoa River.

While I am posting this information to assist fellow explorers, you should not rely on anything stated in this guide without first confirming it independently from more reliable sources. This guide is not a substitute for proper training from an accredited training provider.

Stores, distances & coordinates found in the site are only approximations made from using various mapping tools, but these will be accurate enough for the trip.

General Overview and Location Guides


Refer to the Murray River Gear Section for a discussion about kayaking and camping gear.

I would look at a creek boat (high flow) or packraft for the upper gorge. The section from Killarney to Warwick was choked with log jams, so you will be entering and exiting your boat on a regular basis. A shorter length boat would be easier to handle in the narrow creek. A tested repair kit is vital for an inflatable.

The river opens up below Warwick and a canoe or sea kayak would be recommended. Small sections of easy rapids above Surat and a few more just below Beardmore Dam, otherwise generally flat water paddling.


Information to ensure an enjoyable and successful trip.

Additional Information

My Personal Journeys

My rambling blogs and trip tables for trips down the Darling River system.

I am planning a Goondiwindi to Wentworth trip (2023) and I will update the Barwon and Macintyre River blog and trip table with the details of the entire trip once completed.

Source to Sea (2022)

The complete Source to Sea attempt in one single continuous trip.

bridge on the river


Daily ramblings from the complete Darling System from the Condamine to the Sea.

Darling Double (2022)

Short blog and trip table from my 2022 Darling Double trip where I paddled down the Darling River before heading straight onto the Great Darling Anabranch that was flowing for the first time in nearly a decade.

Darling River

Selfie pic on river beside wharf


Daily ramblings from the Darling River section of my 2022 Darling Double adventure.

Great Darling Anabranch

Car parked beside creek


Daily ramblings from the Great Darling Anabranch section of my 2022 Darling Double adventure.

Source to Sea (2020-21)

The complete Source to Sea trip that was spread over a year as I made use of two separate rain events to traverse various sections while being interrupted by COVID restrictions.

Two guys


Daily ramblings from the Murray-Darling Source to Sea adventure.